Most of us have a good idea of what kind of climate we live in simply because, well, we live in it. So does your lawn. But unlike you, your lawn can't turn on the air conditioning when it's too hot or put on a coat when it's too cold. Therefore, it's important to understand the impact that your climate will have on your lawn, and what lawn is best suited for your climate and needs.
Lawn grasses, too, are categorized as either Warm-Season or Cool-Season grasses to better describe the weather in which they flourish. Climate data is available online at http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/climate.htm should help you learn what kinds of lawn grasses are commonly grown in your zone. Then you can decide which one best fits your needs.
Here are a few examples of popular lawn grasses:
There's an old gardener's joke that "soil" is what you grow your plants in and "dirt" is what's under your fingernails. Seriously, though, everything begins with the soil. Once you understand the basics of soil science and begin to apply what you've learned, plants will start to grow much better for you.
Regardless of the climate you live in, growing conditions can usually be improved if you mix in organic material with your existing soil. The most commonly used soil amendments are peat moss,* mushroom manure,* and sand.
A Few Quick tips for Getting Started:
Mow high. The shorter you mow your lawn, the more work you will need to do to keep it looking good. Never cut more than a third of the plant when you mow. If you want to keep your lawn mowed to just 2 cm (0.75 in,) that means mowing every 2 to 5 days. That's a lot of work.
Mowing that close can weaken root systems (making the grass more prone to pests and drought,) and makes it easier for weeds to overtake the grass. Mowing your lawn to a 7 or 8 cm (2.75 or 3 in.) height helps grass keep the weeds out. It means mowing when the grass reaches 8 cm (3 in,) or every 5 to 15 days, depending on growth rates. Next...